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Source Evaluation - The CRAAP Test

    • Remember to run the CRAAP test when evaluating information!

      Currency: The timeliness of the information.

      • When was the information published or posted?
      • Has the information been revised or updated?
      • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?Are the links functional?

      Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

      • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
      • Who is the intended audience?
      • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
      • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
      • Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

      Authority: The source of the information.

      • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
      • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
      • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
      • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
      • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net

      Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.

      • Where does the information come from?
      • Is the information supported by evidence?
      • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
      • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
      • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
      • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

      Purpose: The reason the information exists.

      • What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
      • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
      • Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
      • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
      • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
       
     
Last Modified on May 8, 2019