Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
At the time of the inception of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), numerous studies had been completed that showed a strong correlation between poverty and academic achievement. Title I was conceived in order to compensate for the considerable educational deprivations associated with child poverty. Federal rules and regulations were created to guarantee that funds provided for through ESEA and Title I would be allocated solely to the benefit of students in need, based upon academic achievement and socioeconomic status. Auditing measures were put in place along with punitive actions for districts and states found to be out of compliance. Over time the amount of and methods for distribution of federal Title I funding have changed periodically; however, the emphasis on benefiting underprivileged students has remained a constant.
AllocationsFederal grant programs are funded by the United States Congress and administered by the United States Department of Education (USDE). Each formula grant program office at USDE provides notification of funding each year to states, based upon a variety of qualifying requirements. For Title I, allocations for districts the size of NPS are calculated using census data; USDE pre-calculates allocations and sends this information to the State Department of Education. Sites are served with Title I funds in rank order on a per-pupil basis. The rank order is determined by the percentage of low-income students (as compared to the school’s overall enrolled student population).
Title I SchoolsTo be eligible to receive a Title I allocation, a school must have at least a 35% low-income population. There are two types of Title I schools; Targeted Assistance Schools and Schoolwide Schools. Targeted Assistance Schools are those schools that have a low-income student population of 35% or more; these schools may only utilize Title I funds to benefit students who exhibit the highest academic need (regardless of economic status). Schoolwide Schools are those schools that have a low-income population of 40% or more; these schools may utilize Title I funds to promote comprehensive schoolwide reform at the site.
District Title I SchoolsThere are currently 17 schools within the Norman Public Schools district that are served with Title I funds, 14 elementary and 3 middle schools.
Elementary Schools Middle Schools Dimensions South Irving MS Kennedy ES Longfellow MS Wilson ES Alcott MS Madison ES Adams ES Reagan ES Jackson ES Monroe ES Jefferson ES Lincoln ES Lakeview ES Eisenhower ES
Title I, Part D
Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth who are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk
OverviewThe Title I, Part D, program was most recently reauthorized under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001. The Title I, Part D, local educational agency program came into being in its present form with the Improving America Schools Act of 1994. Title I, Part D, is administered by the Office of Student Achievement and School Accountability Programs (SASA), under the federal Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE).The goals of Title I, Part D, are to:
Students who reside in Neglected and Delinquent residential facilities located in the Norman Public Schools district are provided with direct instruction by qualified teachers, on-site throughout the year. Emphasis on services is placed on preparing students who enter Norman facilities for completing their high-school education or obtaining a GED. Funds from this source are also used to provide the district At-Risk Summer School program to assist at-risk students in closing achievement gaps that may lead to drop-out or delinquency.
- Improve educational services for these children so they have the opportunity to meet challenging State academic content and achievement standards;
- Provide them with services to successfully transition from institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and
- Prevent youth who are at-risk from dropping out of school, and to provide dropouts and children and youth returning from correctional facilities with a support system to ensure their continued education.